Kenya landscape

Curated collections

The planetGOLD Knowledge Repository

Curated collections include some of the most useful and relevant resources on key ASGM topics, selected by the planetGOLD team. Click the topics below to expand and explore.

Trainings and ASGM

  • Manual for Training Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Miners

    UNIDO English

    This manual provides training strategies for people teaching artisanal miners and their families both health-related and technical information and skills. This includes peer-educators, technical experts with little or no teaching experience, as well as those accustomed to teaching in academic settings.

  • asgm health curriculum

    Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining: A Curriculum for the Health Sector

    Great Lakes Center for Occupational & Environmental Safety and Health at University of Illinois at Chicago (A WHO Collaborating Centre) English

    This curriculum was designed to be used globally in training healthcare workers to recognize, diagnose, treat, and prevent mercury toxicity among ASGM miners, their families, and their communities. This publication contains all elements of the curriculum, including recommended agendas, pre- and post-course evaluations, slide sets with narratives on each slide, lesson plans, and tools for classroom activities.

  • impact gender

    Toolkit: Gender Impact Assessments for Projects and Policies Related to Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

    Impact English

    The toolkit was developed as part of IMPACT’s vision for natural resources to benefit all genders equally, over the course of IMPACT’s work in Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda where the organization, along with its partners, identified gaps in tools available to analyze the impact on women in field-based projects addressing ASM formalization. 

  • Developing Training Materials to Promote the Reduction of Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining

    APEC Secretariat English

    This report summarizes the activities and results of the project Developing Training Materials to Promote the Reduction of Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining. Overall, the project sought to produce a business training module based on leading global practice in ASGM and designed to promote Minamata Convention compliance. This project is intended to enhance coordination among ASGM education programs throughout the APEC region in support of domestic and international mercury reduction efforts.

  • mercury human health cover

    Mercury and human health: educational course

    World Health Organization English

    This educational course was developed to support the training of public health and health-care professionals, medical and other allied students and professionals, and decision-makers in the health and environmental sectors. It compiles information on human exposure to different types of mercury and their health effects, the use of mercury in the health sector, and the policy and technical documents guiding preventive actions at a national level.

  • forced labor

    Addressing Forced Labor in Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM) A Practitioner’s Toolkit

    Alliance for Responsible Mining English

    Managing the risk of forced labor in ASM is complex. Strategies to tackle it must address the double objective of eradicating forced labor and making sure that innocent people who rely on Artisanal and Small-scale Mining for their livelihoods are not excluded from mineral supply chains. ASM is a poverty-alleviating activity that directly and indirectly employs hundreds of millions of people around the world; excluding ASM from mineral supply chains could have a terrible impact on their livelihoods. The aim of this toolkit is to provide a handson approach that will help organizations, companies and government institutions to cooperate with artisanal miners rather than exclude them.

  • Gender and ASGM

  • NAP gender guide cover

    Incorporating gender dimensions into national strategy setting in chemicals management

    UNEP English

    This joint guidance has been developed to support gender mainstreaming in the development of artisanal and small-scale gold mining National Action Plans (NAPs) in line with Annex C of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, as well as for the development of National Implementation Plans (NIPs) for the management of persistent organic pollutants in line with the Stockholm Convention. The document  provides guidance on incorporating gender dimensions throughout the process and into strategic content of both NAPs and NIPs. The Annexes present detailed considerations and tools relevant for both and specific to NAPs and NIPs

     

  • gender quickstart thumbnail

    Gender in National Action Plans for Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: A Quick Start Guide

    UNEP English

    The Quick Start Guide summarizes and provides a visual overview of the key issues and recommendations for incorporating gender dimension into National Action Plans for artisanal and small scale gold mining. The document is based on the detailed guidance presented in UNEP's Guide on Incorporating Gender Dimensions into National Strategy Setting in the Context of Chemicals Management - currently in its draft version.

  • gender toolkit WB

    Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining A Rapid Assessment Toolkit to address gender dimension

    The World Bank English

    This publication was designed as an easy to-use toolkit for identifying the gender dimensions of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). Comprehending this dimension of ASM means understanding how men and women are differentially involved in and affected by ASM, and the factors surrounding their engagement in ASM. By so doing, projects and policies can be put in place to ensure that men and women have equitable opportunities for participation at all stages of the ASM value chain, as well as access to the benefits of ASM, and that neither men nor women disproportionately bear the risks associated with ASM.

  • Women's Rights and Mining

    Women's Rights and Mining English

    Women’s Rights and Mining is an collaborative effort of NGOs, researchers and government organisations to secure commitments from key stakeholders in the mining sector to address key gender concerns

  • forced labor

    Addressing Forced Labor in Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM) A Practitioner’s Toolkit

    Alliance for Responsible Mining English

    Managing the risk of forced labor in ASM is complex. Strategies to tackle it must address the double objective of eradicating forced labor and making sure that innocent people who rely on Artisanal and Small-scale Mining for their livelihoods are not excluded from mineral supply chains. ASM is a poverty-alleviating activity that directly and indirectly employs hundreds of millions of people around the world; excluding ASM from mineral supply chains could have a terrible impact on their livelihoods. The aim of this toolkit is to provide a handson approach that will help organizations, companies and government institutions to cooperate with artisanal miners rather than exclude them.

  • impact gender

    Toolkit: Gender Impact Assessments for Projects and Policies Related to Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

    Impact English

    The toolkit was developed as part of IMPACT’s vision for natural resources to benefit all genders equally, over the course of IMPACT’s work in Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda where the organization, along with its partners, identified gaps in tools available to analyze the impact on women in field-based projects addressing ASM formalization. 

  • The tool suites can be used individually by different business units, or mixed and matched into a broader corporate strategy, depending on priorities.

    Unlocking Opportunities for Women and Business: A toolkit of Actions and Strategies for Oil, Gas and Mining Companies

    International Finance Corporation English

    A growing number of oil, gas, and mining companies have committed to create more diverse, gender-balanced, inclusive industries – recognizing that it is not only the right thing to do, but it also makes business sense. To help oil, gas, and mining companies to meet their gender goals, IFC has developed this toolkit.

    Knowledge Areas:

    Topics:

  • Biodiversity and ASGM

  • wwf asgm

    Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in and Around Protected Areas and Critical Ecosystems Project: Methodological toolkit for baseline assessments and response strategies to artisanal and small-scale mining in protected areas and critical ecosystem

    Hinton, J. and Hollestelle, R. English

    The aim of ASM-PACE is to address the environmental impacts of artisanal and small scale mining (ASM) whilst building on its economic, social, and empowerment potential in some of the world’s most important ecosystems. The Programme uses a scientific foundation of knowledge, participatory methods and rights-based approaches to work with miners and their communities – rather than in opposition – to design sustainable, win-win solutions that will last. 

    Prepared for Estelle Levin, Ltd and the ASM-PACE project.

  • forest smart mining cover

    Forest-Smart Mining: Artisanal & Small-Scale Mining in Forest Landscapes

    World Bank English

    This report reviews existing knowledge and experience around mining in forested landscapes. It focuses on artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). It analyzed several active ASM mine sites as case studies to identify good and bad practices for forest-smart mining and the conditions and mechanisms that motivate these practices.

  • asm pace

    Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in Protected areas and critical Ecosystems Programme (ASM-PACE): A Global Solutions Study

    WWF and Estelle Levin, Ltd English

    The report summarizes the selected ASM in protected areas, reviews the policy responses to ASM occurring protected preas, and offer an initial set of recommendations.

  • USAID BD

    Small-scale & artisanal mining impacts on biodiversity in Latin America

    USAID English

    The report presents an overview of the impacts of ASM on biodiversity in the LAC countries and reviews strategies to address the issue. 

  • International Review of Environmental Rehabilitation Approaches for Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: A Review of Best Practices for Frugal Rehabilitation of ASM in Mongolia

    Estelle Levin Ltd. English

    Estelle Levin Ltd. prepared this report by drawing on best practices of rehabilitation approaches for ASM, using international case studies that illustrate real-world rehabilitation methods that can be applied to ASM in Mongolia.

  • Due diligence and responsible gold criteria

  • planetGOLD Criteria document cover

    planetGOLD Criteria for Environmentally and Socially Responsible Operations

    planetGOLD English

    The planetGOLD programme sets out specific criteria to govern the operations of artisanal and small-scale gold mining entities engaged with the programme. The planetGOLD Criteria align with the CRAFT Code, and include three criteria that are specific to the planetGOLD programme: eliminating mercury in the mining process, respecting and protecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples, and minimizing impact on biodiversity. Conformance with this criteria will ensure that artisanal and small-scale miners participating in the planetGOLD programme undertake sufficient efforts to avoid, minimize, mitigate, and where appropriate, offset adverse impacts to people and the environment.

  • OECD

    OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas

    OECD English

    The OECD DDG provides step-by-step management recommendations endorsed by governments for global responsible supply chains of all minerals, in order for companies to respect human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral or metal purchasing decisions and practices. This Guidance for minerals may be used by any company potentially sourcing any minerals or metals from conflict-affected and high-risk areas, and is intended to cultivate transparent, conflict-free supply chains and sustainable corporate engagement in the minerals sector.

  • EPRM Due Diligence Hub

    EPRM English

    The Due Diligence Hub provides tailored due diligence resources to help you ensure that the minerals in your supply chain, especially tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold are responsibly mined and sourced.

  • Fairmined certification contributes to the well-being of small-scale miners

    Natalia Uribe English

    The content in this blog is the result of the research paper authored by Natalia Uribe Martinez, Standards and Certification manager, as part of her master’s in Development Studies at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) at Erasmus Rotterdam University, The Hague, The Netherlands. This research article is being submitted for publication in the Journal Extractive Industries and Society.

  • World Gold Council: Conflict-Free Gold Standard

    World Gold Council English

    The Conflict-Free Gold Standard provides a mechanism by which gold producers can assess and provide assurance that their gold has been extracted in a manner that does not cause, support or benefit unlawful armed conflict or contribute to serious human rights abuses or breaches of international humanitarian law.

  • Levin sources covid blog

    ASM, Responsible Sourcing and COVID-19-An Initial Analysis

    Adam Rolfe and Levin Sources experts English

    In this initial blog on the novel coronavirus, Levin Sources seeks to grapple with how the rapidly evolving context could impact responsible mineral supply chains and the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector. 

  • Finance for ASGM

  • Cover image - Unlocking Finance for ASGM planetGOLD report

    Unlocking Access to Finance

    Caven, Sarah; Carter, Assheton; Bowie, Ed - for planetGOLD English

    This report seeks to assist ASGM programs in accessing finance by better understanding the perspective of investors and the implications of ASGM’s status as a frontier investment sector. It reviews barriers to finance, but, importantly, also discusses how ASGM may become a new investment sector as these barriers are progressively dismantled.

  • Access to Finance report cover image

    Access to Finance — Options for Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

    Abby Efua Hilson; Gavin Hilson - for planetGOLD English

    This report reviews past experiences with delivering financial and allied services to artisanal and small-scale mining and makes recommendations regarding best practices and potential ways forward in improving access to finance based on this experience.

  • improving access to formal finance ASGM issue brief cover

    Improving Access to Formal Finance in Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining

    planetGOLD English

    This issue brief reviews past experiences with delivering financial and allied services to the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector and examines existing barriers to attracting formal finance and investment in the sector. It concludes with recommended interventions for governments, donors and other allies to help improve ASGM’s access to formal finance in the future.

  • Access to Finance for Artisanal and Small-Scale Miners: Downstream Buyer Support For Women Miners in Indonesia

    Witni, V., Paul, B., Nijhawan, A. English

    This case study covers the application of a downstream buyer support model to support a collective of women panners called “Pamuan Jaya Panners” in the village. Through facilitated partnerships with the local village government and a socially responsible jewelry company based in Bali, Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta has helped develop access to finance model that continues to support 25 women miners in Tewang Pajangan. This case study will provide local context and existing challenges at the village level, in addition to analyzing the development, implementation, and results of the model. The case study concludes with lessons learned and suggestions for scaling this model in other areas of Indonesia.

  • wgc thumbnail

    Central Bank Domestic ASGM Purchase Programmes

    World Gold Council English

    This report examines four countries whose central banks actively purchase gold from domestic ASGM production, and considers lessons learned in formulating policies towards ASGM. It describes central bank domestic purchase models, the impact they can have on improving practices associated with small-scale gold production, and the benefits of domestic gold buying for reserve management purposes.

  • Potential Financial Mechanisms for ASGM Sector

    planetGOLD Indonesia English

    planetGOLD ISMIA summarizes eight financial mechanism models for their ASGM sector.

  • Proposal of existing products that are viable to be strengthened and/or a new financial product for the ASM sector

    National Program for the Management of Hazardous Chemical Substances English

    Overview paper that presents (i) identification of financial institution that can offer financial products for the ASM sector, and (ii) proposal for adjustment to identified financial products. Part of "Development of a financial product to be used in the Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining Sector"

  • A Government-backed Credit Scheme for Miners in Rwanda

    CIRDI English

    In this series, CIRDI is working with our global partner mix to highlight models for tackling a critical problem – how to ensure artisanal miners seeking to make the move to cleaner and more efficient production methods can access the capital they need under fair and inclusive terms?

  • Health and ASGM

  • AGC chem haz

    Chemical hazards in the artisanal gold sector: Impacts of mercury, cyanide and silica dust on human health and environment

    Artisnal Gold Council English

    This brochure provides a brief overview on the health and environmental impacts of mercury, cyanide and silica dust in the sector. Chemical risks do not only affect miners, but also their communities. Mercury and cyanide are both highly toxic to human health. However, only mercury persists in the environment and can travel long distances in the environment. Exposure to very fine silica dust is a common hazard in hard rock mining, but one that can easily be prevented

  • asgm health curriculum

    Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining: A Curriculum for the Health Sector

    Great Lakes Center for Occupational & Environmental Safety and Health at University of Illinois at Chicago (A WHO Collaborating Centre) English

    This curriculum was designed to be used globally in training healthcare workers to recognize, diagnose, treat, and prevent mercury toxicity among ASGM miners, their families, and their communities. This publication contains all elements of the curriculum, including recommended agendas, pre- and post-course evaluations, slide sets with narratives on each slide, lesson plans, and tools for classroom activities.

  • WHO public health

    Developing public health strategies for artisanal and small-scale mining within the Minamata Convention on Mercury: findings and lessons learned from country workshops

    World Health Organization English

    To support ministries of health develop their detailed public health strategies for inclusion in  ASGM National Action Plans (NAP), WHO, in collaboration with the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, developed a research approach. The approach was pilot tested in three African countries in the process of developing a NAP. The evidence collected and the recommendations that emerged by applying the research approach guided ministries of health and other stakeholders in developing the public health strategies. This document is also available in French, Spanish and Portuguese. 

  • WHO public health cover

    Step-by-step guide for developing a public health strategy for artisanal and small-scale gold mining in the context of the Minamata Convention on Mercury

    World Health Organization English

    Researchers or other assessors should use this guide to help ministries of health develop a public health strategy as part of the ASGM National Action Plan. The evidence collected will clarify key issues to consider for the public health strategy. The approach for collecting and using the evidence was developed by WHO and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and pilot-tested in three countries – Ghana, Mozambique and Nigeria – between 2017 and 2019.

    Also available in Arabic, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

  • AGC health cover

    Health Issues in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

    Artisanal Gold Council English

    This document was created to guide the training of health practitioners on certain health risks that are common in the sector. While there are many health risks in the ASGM sector, this guide is limited to risks specifically related to ASGM, particularly those that are rarely covered by general university professional trainings.

    Knowledge Areas:

    Topics:

  • Mercury-free ASGM

  • Manual for Training Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Miners

    UNIDO English

    This manual provides training strategies for people teaching artisanal miners and their families both health-related and technical information and skills. This includes peer-educators, technical experts with little or no teaching experience, as well as those accustomed to teaching in academic settings.

  • tech guide cover

    Reducing Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining: A Practical Guide

    UNEP Artisanal Gold Council English

    This guide describes the principals of reducing and eliminating mercury use in ASGM in an accessible manner. Featuring many photographs of ASGM equipment and techniques, the document explains the importance of milling and concentration, as well as other covering other topics such as retorts and tailings. 

  • guyana video

    Demonstration of equipment for mercury-free gold mining in Guyana

    planetGOLD Guyana English

    The planetGOLD Guyana project is assisting artisanal and small-scale gold mining communities implement mercury-free technologies that also increase yield and profits. This video demonstrates the use of three types of equipment that concentrate gold from alluvial deposits without using mercury - the gold kacha, gold cube, and blue bowl. The devices can be used in combination with each other and with other equipment to create an efficient and mercury-free gold recovery process.

  • Illustrated Guide

    Illustrated Guide to Mercury-Free Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining

    UNEP English

    Interactive, online guide that synthesizes and connects existing information on mercury-free practices in the ASGM sector through simple graphs, decision trees and illustrative success stories.This guide builds upon the UNEP Technical Guide: "Reducing Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining: A Practical Guide"