The planetGOLD Knowledge Repository
African Minerals Development Centre English
This Special Report highlights the significant, yet chronically underreported major role African women play in the sector, more so in artisanal and small scale mining (ASM). In Africa, the ASM workforce comprises no less than 40-50% women; this report highlights a selection of them in Ghana, Guinea and Tanzania, and reveals the key challenges that women face in the sector and what can be done to make it more gender-responsive
Precious Metal, Cheap Labor: Child Labor and Corporate Responsibility in Ghana's Artisanal Gold Mine
Human Rights Watch English
This report documents the use of child labor in artisanal and small-scale mines in Ghana’s Western, Central, and
Ashanti Regions, focusing on unlicensed sites, which constitute the vast majority of mines. It also analyzes the measures that some gold traders and refiners take to avoid supporting child labor by buying gold mined with child labor.
Pilot Study: Advancing Transparency in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining and the Mineral Supply Chains in the Great Lakes Region
Tychsen, J., Appel, P.W.U., Hassan, U.A., Jørgensen, T. & Azubike, O.C. English
The objective of this study is to conceptualise the ICGLR's Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources (RINR) EITI tool by examining the opportunities to enhance transparency in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) and the mineral supply chains in the Great Lakes Region.
Shifting Formalization Policies and Recentralizing power: The case of Zimbabwe's artisanal gold mining sector
Spiegel, J. Samuel English
This article examines the recentralization of power in this growing informal sector, exploring how heavy-handed implementation of national reforms contributed to livelihood insecurity. The study emphasizes how national officials invoked “formalization” rationales for mining policy shifts that obscured their underlying political and economic drivers, disempowering local district authorities and deepening the marginalization of informal livelihoods.
Local Perspectives on the Formalization of Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in the Madre de Dios Gold Fields, Peru
Salo, M., Hiedanpaa, J., Karlsson, T., Ávila Cárcamo, L., Kotilainen, J., Jounela, P., García Rumrrill, R. English
A growing number of governments and donors are promoting the formalization of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). They believe that doing so puts them in a better position to govern the sector, and manage the social and environmental impacts of its activities. This paper reflects critically on attempts made to formalize ASM in Madre de Dios in Peruvian Amazonia.
State Gold-Buying Programmes: Effective instruments to reform the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector?
RCS Global English
Can state gold-buying programmes (SGBPs) be an effective tool for governments – to not only bolster state financial reserves, but also to reform the sector, raising its standards and improving its environmental and social outcomes? And can these programmes operate in countries that often lack institutional capacity, infrastructure and stability? This paper analyses case studies in five countries, drawing out the challenges and potential factors for success in developing an effective SGBP.
Pact Institute English
This report includes findings and recommendations from Pact's scoping study of the ASM sector in Zimbabwe.