The planetGOLD Knowledge Repository
James Anaya English
This is the final thematic report of James Anaya, the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, to the Human Rights Council. Building upon previous reports, it addresses the human rights concerns of indigenous peoples relating to extractive industries.
African Minerals Development Centre English
This Special Report highlights the significant, yet chronically underreported major role African women play in the sector, more so in artisanal and small scale mining (ASM). In Africa, the ASM workforce comprises no less than 40-50% women; this report highlights a selection of them in Ghana, Guinea and Tanzania, and reveals the key challenges that women face in the sector and what can be done to make it more gender-responsive
Human Rights Watch English
This report examines child labor and exposure to mercury in small-scale gold mining in Tanzania, Africa’s fourth-largest gold producer. It documents the harmful effects of mining on children, including its impact on the enjoyment of their rights to health, education, and protection from violence and abuse. The report focuses on hard rock mining, whereby small-scale miners remove and process rocks from pits to extract the ore. Human Rights Watch conducted research in Chunya district (southern Tanzania), in Geita and Kahama districts (northwestern Tanzania), and in the cities of Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, and Mbeya.
Artisanal and small-scale mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo, an economic activity upon which an estimated 12 to 15 percent of the population relies,2 often involves child labor. The complex economic and societal considerations that drive children to work in the cassiterite, coltan, and wolfram mines in the northern parts of the country’s Katanga province are complex. Pact undertook this study to better understand the motivating factors and the context that lead children to work in mines. Insights from this research enable Pact and others to implement appropriate, realistic interventions for child miners in the DRC.
En el marco de esa cooperación se realizó el estudio “Minería y Derechos Humanos: Una Mirada desde el Sector Artesanal y de Pequeña Escala”, que examina el potencial para aplicar el enfoque de los derechos humanos en la minería artesanal y de pequeña escala (MAPE), como instrumento para elevar la dignidad, evitar desigualdades y discriminación, pero también para fomentar las responsabilidades y obligaciones que conlleva, en ámbitos legales, sociales, económicos y laborales. Este documento presenta también un análisis del efecto de la formalización en los derechos en la MAPE, dado el elevado grado de informalidad en la minería artesanal, que pone a los mineros en situación de alta vulnerabilidad, lo que hace imprescindible impulsar el proceso de integración a la economía formal y a la adecuación a las normas, conceptos y relaciones que la rigen.
Pilot Study: Advancing Transparency in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining and the Mineral Supply Chains in the Great Lakes Region
Tychsen, J., Appel, P.W.U., Hassan, U.A., Jørgensen, T. & Azubike, O.C. English
The objective of this study is to conceptualise the ICGLR's Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources (RINR) EITI tool by examining the opportunities to enhance transparency in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) and the mineral supply chains in the Great Lakes Region.
Spiegel, J. Samuel English
Drawing on cases in two provinces, Kratie and Ratanakiri, the study examines why a nuanced approach is needed that takes into account multiple types of extraction activity and multiple perspectives on how rural stakeholder participation could work in the extractive sector. The article analyzes policy options to sensitively address rural development dynamics in mining areas, suggesting key roles that future research can play in generating useful contextual knowledge that can help improve resource regulation, rural livelihood support services and regional land use planning.
Shifting Formalization Policies and Recentralizing power: The case of Zimbabwe's artisanal gold mining sector
Spiegel, J. Samuel English
This article examines the recentralization of power in this growing informal sector, exploring how heavy-handed implementation of national reforms contributed to livelihood insecurity. The study emphasizes how national officials invoked “formalization” rationales for mining policy shifts that obscured their underlying political and economic drivers, disempowering local district authorities and deepening the marginalization of informal livelihoods.
Pact Institute English
This report includes findings and recommendations from Pact's scoping study of the ASM sector in Zimbabwe.
International Peace Information Service English
This report describes and evaluates initiatives to formalise the artisanal mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, in order to locate lessons learned.