The planetGOLD Knowledge Repository
19 items found
Global mercury supply, trade and demand
UN Environment English
A good understanding of mercury supply, trade and demand is critical to effective implementation of the Convention. This report provides detailed and timely information on where mercury comes from, how it moves in commerce, and how it is used in products and industrial processes.
Precious Metal, Cheap Labor: Child Labor and Corporate Responsibility in Ghana's Artisanal Gold Mine
Human Rights Watch English
This report documents the use of child labor in artisanal and small-scale mines in Ghana’s Western, Central, and
Ashanti Regions, focusing on unlicensed sites, which constitute the vast majority of mines. It also analyzes the measures that some gold traders and refiners take to avoid supporting child labor by buying gold mined with child labor.
Blockchain, Chain of Custody and Trace Elements_An overview of tracking and traceability opportunities in the gem industry.
Cartier, E. Laurent; Ali, H. Saleem; Krzemnicki, S. Michael English
This article provides an overview of current trends and developments in the tracking and traceability of gems, along with an explanation of the terms used in this context.
Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A Review of Key Numbers and Issues
Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) English
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) has benefited from a body of research spanning decades, despite an ongoing lack of understanding and statistical data for the sector. This research paper reviews the existing literature on key thematic areas, bringing various findings together and providing updated information.
State Gold-Buying Programmes: Effective instruments to reform the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector?
RCS Global English
Can state gold-buying programmes (SGBPs) be an effective tool for governments – to not only bolster state financial reserves, but also to reform the sector, raising its standards and improving its environmental and social outcomes? And can these programmes operate in countries that often lack institutional capacity, infrastructure and stability? This paper analyses case studies in five countries, drawing out the challenges and potential factors for success in developing an effective SGBP.
Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining in Peru: A blessing or a curse
Peru Support Group English
This report argues that recognition of this diversity of responsible vs. irresponsible operators will be a key first step in allowing the government to develop adequate policies to effectively interact with the sector. The current policy of criminalisation, on the contrary, risks undermining an industry which represents one of the few viable sources of income for the country's impoverished groups.
Curbing Illicit Mercury and Gold Flows in West Africa: Options for a Regional Approach
Recognizing the need for a greater understanding of mercury and gold trade flows, regulation and taxation, the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) commissioned this study of mercury and gold trade flows and regulatory frameworks. The study was informed by extensive desk research and key informant interviews conducted in 12 ECOWAS member states (Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Sierra Leone, Senegal and Togo.) Gambia was also included in desk research.
planetGOLD programme infographic
This infographic features a visual summary of the key facts and figures about ASGM. It provides answers to questions such as: Why is it hard to formalize the sector; Why is mercury used in ASGM; How does the Minamata Convention safeguard the ASGM sector? Key strategies through which the planetGOLD programme is transforming the sector are also presented.
The Hidden Cost of Jewelry: Human Rights in Supply Chains and the Responsibility of Jewlery Companies
Human Rights Watch English
In this report, Human Rights Watch scrutinizes steps taken by key actors within the jewelry industry to ensure that rights are respected in their gold and diamond supply chains. The report focuses on the policies and practices of 13 major jewelry brands, selected to include some of the industry’s largest and best-known jewelry and watch companies and to reflect different geographic markets.
The Formalisation of Artisanal Mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda
International Peace Information Service English
This report describes and evaluates initiatives to formalise the artisanal mining sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, in order to locate lessons learned.