The planetGOLD Knowledge Repository
Formalization of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Colombia: A proposal for improving environmental, social and economic performance in a post-conflict scenario
Gregory Minnick, Peter Doyle, and Thomas Hentschel English
This study included a consultative process with a broad array of stakeholder groups yielding consensus on the principal obstacles to ASGM formalization. To enable ASGM operators to formalize, a recommendation emerged for a National Unified Formalization Plan, which rests on six proposals that largely align with current policy and legislation.
Oro Legal remains USAID’s largest and most ambitious bilateral initiative in support of ASGM and was implemented in two of Colombia’s emblematic mining departments — Antioquia and Chocó — between September 2015 and April 2021.
Marcena Hunter, Mukasiri Sibanda, Ken Opala, Julius Kaka and Lucy P. Modi English
Research covered multiple countries, providing insights into national and regional market dynamics and trade flows. The cross-border regional dynamics of illicit gold supply chains means examination of this issue requires applying a wide lens. South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and Zimbabwe were selected for field research, with some limited research conducted in South Africa.
MIT D-Lab and Alliance for Responsible Mining English
The MIT D-Lab Inclusive Economies program and the Alliance for Responsible Mining in Colombia, joined together to launch a two-year program addressing gender-based violence affecting women engaged in artisanal and small-scale gold mining in the Antioquia region of Colombia.
The project uses an innovative movement-building approach to foster women miners’ associations and homegrown advocacy to address social and economic gender-based violence in mining communities in Andes, Zaragoza, Nechí, and El Bagre in Antioquia, Colombia.
The 2020 Report uses the Sustainable Development Goal 8 (SDG8): “promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all” as the framework for analyzing artisanal and small-scale mining's contributions to global development.
Caring Gold Mining Project: Comprehensive monitoring and evaluation plan (CMEP) end-of project data analysis
International Labour Organization English
The purpose of this analysis is to compare what was planned for in the CMEP with what was achieved and what could have been done differently to serve as a learning for other Projects.
World Gold Council English
This report examines four countries whose central banks actively purchase gold from domestic ASGM production, and considers lessons learned in formulating policies towards ASGM. It describes central bank domestic purchase models, the impact they can have on improving practices associated with small-scale gold production, and the benefits of domestic gold buying for reserve management purposes.
Oscar Katho, Joanne Lebert, Jean Paul Lonema, Patience Singo, and Gerard van der Burg English
Read IMPACT's latest report based on its experiences implementing the Just Gold project in DRC from 2012 to 2020 which sought to test whether and how artisanal gold could be traced from mine site to market. The report promotes transparency to assist others committed to supporting security, development, and equality for women and men miners and ASM communities.
The ‘Zambia Model’: A blueprint for formalizing artisanal and small-scale mining in sub-Saharan Africa?
Gavin Hilson English
This paper outlines a framework for facilitating the formalization of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) – low-tech, labour-intensive mineral processing and extraction – in sub-Saharan Africa.
Doris Buss & Blair Rutherford English
This paper provides an overview of extant research on gender and women’s livelihoods in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), mostly of precious or high-value minerals, and some of the gaps that the papers assembled in this special issue address. This introductory paper also seeks to frame the special issue by questioning the forms of visibility of “women in mining” in policy and scholarly work.