The planetGOLD Knowledge Repository
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Evaluating and Monitoring Small Scale Gold Mining and Mercury Use: Building a Knowledge-base with Satellite Imagery and Field Work
Daniel Stapper and Kevin Telmer English
This project was a pilot study at building a basic database for ASM sites in Brazil and Indonesia. The aim was to combine field work with satellite imagery to build a database that would span spatial scales and times greater than possible through field work alone.
Samuel J. Spiegel; Sumali Agrawal; Dino Mikhab; Kartie Vitamerry; Philippe Le Billon; Marcello Veigad; Kulansi Konoliusb; and Bardolf Paul English
This article uses an ecological economics approach to analyse tensions surrounding efforts to phase out mercury in Indonesia's artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector, among the largest sources of mercury pollution worldwide. It also discusses implications of domestic cinnabar mining for controlling mercury in Indonesia's ASGM sector, highlighting obstacles to implementing the Minamata Convention, a treaty that aims to restrict mercury use.
Samuel J. Spiegel, Sumali Agrawal , Dino Mikha , Kartie Vitamerry , Philippe Le Billon , Marcello Veiga , Kulansi Konolius, Bardolf Paul English
This article discusses implications of domestic cinnabar mining for controlling mercury in Indonesia's ASGM sector, highlighting obstacles to implementing the Minamata Convention, a treaty that aims to restrict mercury use. We link discussion of mercury mining to other socioeconomic processes, labour relations and power dynamics shaping mercury use in gold mining and hindering collectivised mercury-free technology uptake.
Melissa Correa Marcello Veiga Spanish
La presente compilación de tecnologías para el procesamiento de material aurífero se une a los esfuerzos del Gobierno Colombiano y el Gobierno Canadiense para reducir las liberaciones antropogénicas del mercurio al medio ambiente. En el presente documento observarán equipos y recomendaciones para el beneficio del oro, paso a paso desde la llegada del mineral a la planta de procesamiento hasta la fundición. Se presentarán cuatro casos relevantes a nivel nacional, en la minería artesanal libre de mercurio.
Patricia Quijano Vallejos, Peter Veit, Pedro Tipula and Katie Reytar English
Conducting geospatial analysis of the Amazon biogeographic region, this report estimates, for the first time, the full extent of legal, large-scale mining concessions and illegal mining operations on Indigenous territories within the rainforest. The study focuses on Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana and Peru.
World emissions of mercury from artisanal and small scale gold mining and the knowledge gaps about them
Kevin H. Telmer and Marcello M. Veiga English
The authors estimate mercury releases from artisanal and small scale gold mining (ASGM) based on available data about mercury and gold exports and imports by country and from field reports from the countries known to have active ASGM communities.
Marcello M. Veiga and Jennifer J. Hinton English
This article reviews the use of mercury in artisanal mining and highlights the role miners, governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played in communicating facts, perpetuating myths and deriving solutions for mercury pollution. This article also raises some key concerns that must be addressed to understand the behaviour of mercury in the environment and identifies solutions for problems facing communities where artisanal gold mining operations have been abandoned.
Recognizing that lasting change requires addressing root economic and social drivers of mercury use, planetGOLD is working to accelerate formalization, increase access to formal finance and open avenues to formal gold markets, creating the enabling conditions for the uptake of more efficient, mercury-free technology. This report provides an overview of the progress made since the launch of the planetGOLD programme in early 2019 and includes data from the initiation of each of the national projects through fall 2020.
The planetGOLD programme sets out specific criteria to govern the operations of artisanal and small-scale gold mining entities engaged with the programme. The planetGOLD Criteria align with the CRAFT Code, and include three criteria that are specific to the planetGOLD programme: eliminating mercury in the mining process, respecting and protecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples, and minimizing impact on biodiversity. Conformance with this criteria will ensure that artisanal and small-scale miners participating in the planetGOLD programme undertake sufficient efforts to avoid, minimize, mitigate, and where appropriate, offset adverse impacts to people and the environment.
planetGOLD Indonesia (GOLD-ISMIA) Indonesian
In this animated video produced by the planetGOLD project in Indonesia, Awam Prakoso, a well-known storyteller in Indonesia, explains to young viewers the dangers of exposure to mercury through a story about two young boys who want to play soccer near a small-scale gold mine. The story tells children to stay away from any potentially polluted areas and articulates the need for small-scale mining to move away from mercury use.