The planetGOLD Knowledge Repository
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Locating female ‘Voices’ in the Minamata Convention on Mercury in Sub- Saharan Africa: The case of Ghana
Gavin Hilson, Yanfei Hu, Cynthia Kumah English
This paper reflects critically on the challenges with reducing women’s exposure to mercury at artisanal and small-scale gold mines in sub-Saharan Africa. It draws on findings from ongoing research in Ghana, the location of one of the largest and most dynamic artisanal and small-scale gold mining sectors in the region.
Mercury emissions from Peruvian gold shops: Potential ramifications for Minamata compliance in artisanal and small-scale gold mining communities
Keegan H. Moody; Kazi M. Hasan; Sumeja Aljic; Victoria M. Blakeman; L. Perry Hicks; Danielle C. Loving; Matthew E. Moore; B. Spencer Hammett; Mónica Silva-González; Caryn S. Seney; and Adam M. Kiefer English
Ratification of the Minamata Convention on Mercury has led to the establishment of Peruvian regulations limiting mercury concentrations in air to 2000 ng/m3 over a 24-hr measurement period. As a result, three communities in Madre de Dios, Peru were mapped during October 2017 to determine Hg0 vapor concentrations in the air.
Kristin Sippl English
Social and environmental harm continues to emanate from global commodity production despite the array of governance programs trying to mitigate it. This paper examines the evolution of transnational certification standards in an understudied sector: artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM).
Samuel J. Spiegel; Sumali Agrawal; Dino Mikhab; Kartie Vitamerry; Philippe Le Billon; Marcello Veigad; Kulansi Konoliusb; and Bardolf Paul English
This article uses an ecological economics approach to analyse tensions surrounding efforts to phase out mercury in Indonesia's artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector, among the largest sources of mercury pollution worldwide. It also discusses implications of domestic cinnabar mining for controlling mercury in Indonesia's ASGM sector, highlighting obstacles to implementing the Minamata Convention, a treaty that aims to restrict mercury use.
Pulling at golden webs: Combating criminal consortia in the African artisanal and small-scale gold mining and trade sector
Marcena Hunter English
This report seeks to unpack how criminal consortia manipulate ASGM and associated gold flows to secure illicit rents and capture the sector. The findings highlight the need for nuance, especially regarding the role of informal and traditional actors in the sector. Through a more holistic understanding of the challenge, policymakers will better be able to identify and combat criminal consortia in ASGM.
Battelle and The Cadmus Group, Inc. USAID English
These guidelines are designed for project managers, project implementers, practitioners, or others working on development or environmental management projects that could impact ASM projects or communities that engage in ASM. This document addresses: (1) impact of development projects on ASM; (2) impacts of ASM on the environment, health, and socio-political systems; (3) best practices on mitigation measures for minimizing impacts of ASM; (4) impact of climate change on ASM; and (5) impact of ASM on climate change.
World emissions of mercury from artisanal and small scale gold mining and the knowledge gaps about them
Kevin H. Telmer and Marcello M. Veiga English
The authors estimate mercury releases from artisanal and small scale gold mining (ASGM) based on available data about mercury and gold exports and imports by country and from field reports from the countries known to have active ASGM communities.
USAID; Wake Forest University; Centro de Innovación Científica Amazonica Spanish
Esta guía está dirigida a personal de salud, docentes, promotores, líderes comunales y todas aquellas personas interesadas en apoyar acciones de difusión, sensibilización y educación para prevenir la exposición de la población al mercurio
While the ASGM sector is present across Peru, the department of Madre de Dios is the epicenter of illicit alluvial gold extraction and the accompanying deforestation. This case study examines the complex drivers behind ASGM sector expansion, the devastating impacts on biodiversity in the region, and the strategies implemented to address the impacts of ASGM in Madre de Dios by the Government of Peru.
Developing Training Materials to Promote the Reduction of Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining
APEC Secretariat English
This report summarizes the activities and results of the project Developing Training Materials to Promote the Reduction of Mercury Use in Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining. Overall, the project sought to produce a business training module based on leading global practice in ASGM and designed to promote Minamata Convention compliance. This project is intended to enhance coordination among ASGM education programs throughout the APEC region in support of domestic and international mercury reduction efforts.